Unfortunately, the surrounding world is full of dangers and earning a scar for a lifetime is not at all difficult. It is completely impossible to get rid of the scar. This is due to the peculiarity of scar tissue. But removing the scar with a laser can make it 90% less noticeable.
Complete removal of scars is impossible, but there are methods that qualitatively smooth the scars, for example, laser resurfacing makes them visually less noticeable by 90%.
Types of scars
Our skin consists of 3 layers: subcutaneous fat, dermis and epidermis. When the middle layer, the dermis, is damaged in any way, the body immediately reacts to this and closes the wound with a blood clot.
After that, the body cells activate and begin to produce collagen, which subsequently displaces the blood clot and forms scar tissue, better known in the people as a scar.
Scar tissue in its composition is the same as the ordinary skin, but, unlike it, has not a disorderly but consistent arrangement of collagen proteins.
Before talking about removing the scars with a laser, let’s consider their main types and features.
They represent a light thin scar, which is formed in consequence of open trauma. At the same time, the skin in the damaged area retains its full sensitivity.
Atrophic or acne scars
This is a deepening in the skin that remains forever. It occurs after burns, blackheads, smallpox, sharp weight loss. Usually localized on the abdomen, upper chest, hips, inner side of the hand, shin.
Bumps of dark red colour. Keloids can form as after surgical interventions (for example, removal of moles), and after acne. They occur when there is too much collagen for scar tissue.
Such scars are called benign tumours and they often grow over time.
In most cases, keloids appear in the upper back, on the shoulders and in the decollate, but can also form in any other part of the body.
Most often appear after burns. The body activates its forces and the skin is pulled together to the damaged site, resulting in a wrinkling appearance.
Externally very similar to keloids, but, unlike them, do not expand, and even over time can decrease, become more even and colourless.
The peculiarity of stretch marks is that they do not appear as a result of injury, but as a result of rapid stretching of the skin, and are formed not from the outside, but from the inside. Most often they appear after pregnancy or rapid weight loss when you get so addicted to play here than you forget you need to eat.
Similarly, the appearance of striae occurs in adolescence, when the body is actively growing. Girls often appear on hips, and in boys – on shoulder joints.
How to remove scars with laser
Depending on the particular surface of the skin of the scar or scar, there are two methods for its removal: using erbium and neodymium lasers.
It allows to remove skin defects, and also to improve its condition as a whole.
Using an erbium laser, a classic grinding of the scar is performed. A beam of light is directed to the scar and destroys the upper very thin layer (about 1 μm). The epidermis is evaporated by a very thin layer and with a jeweller’s precision. The energy of the beam evaporates the water contained in the tissues and as a result a new healthy tissue starts to form.
After the first session, cell regeneration starts, blood circulation and lymphatic drainage improves, healthy skin begins to form.
Such polishing does not damage healthy cells, nor does it lead to hyperpigmentation due to low-frequency impulses, but it is not able to remove all types of scars. In some cases, the procedure is recommended to be carried out with the parallel use of a neodymium laser.
It is considered one of the safest, and the probability of getting a burn from it is small enough.
Its feature is that it does not damage healthy cells. The ray penetrates the skin to a depth of about 2 mm, and the laser grinding of the scar acutely affects the scar tissue almost without affecting the epidermis.
The strength of the energy and the number of pulses transmitted are controlled by a computer.
The device is able to remove scars of various origins from skin of any color: from the lightest to the African-American or very tanned. This is its huge advantage.
Let’s look at other advantages of removing the scars with a laser.
Advantages of removing scars by laser
- does not damage surrounding tissues;
- the procedure is very easy to transfer;
- has a visible result after the first procedure;
- can remove almost all types of scars;
- can be used for all skin types;
- no hospitalization or special preparation for the procedure is required;
- the ability to remove scars on the face, as well as in delicate places: eyelids, decollate zone, neck, hands, etc.;
- after the procedure, the client can immediately return to the usual way of life.
The effectiveness of laser scars removal
The effectiveness of the laser procedure lies in the principle of its operation: the beam acts on the epidermis and thereby triggers the natural process of collagen production. It, in turn, replaces scar tissue and forms a new healthy skin.